Jesus Rejected at Nazareth, Part I
(Luke 4:14-28)

 Father God we raise our voices in praise and thanksgiving to you tonight, grateful for the many blessings you shower upon us daily. We thank you that you have opened our eyes to see your truth, beauty and power.

satan we come against you and bind you and rebuke you and cast you out of this place before, during and AFTER the lesson in Jesus Name. We come against the blindness you have caused in those who do not believe and ask that the light of Jesus shine on them tonight. satan we come against your plans to discredit, discourage and destroy God's servants. We declare them null and void in Jesus Name. AMEN

Holy Spirit we invite you as our teacher. Make Jesus real to us as we study God's Word. All these things we ask in the mighty Name above all Names, Jesus Christ of Nazareth, who died for us, was buried, resurrected on the third day, seen by many witnesses, ascended into heaven, who now rules and makes intercession for us with the principalities and powers under his feet! And we rejoice that He has raised us up with Him and we are seated with him in heavenly places tonight! Hallelujah!

Praise the Lord. Last time we were studying about Jesus temptation and how he defeated satan WITH THE WORD, "It is written". The Word of God is our sword of the Spirit and our weapon against temptation. Then we began to study about the beginning of Jesus ministry.

Early Ministry in Galilee Luke 4:14-15 Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside. He taught in their synagogues, and everyone praised him.

Luke 4:16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read.

If the Son of God, who was in constant communication with God, felt the need for regular attendance at worship; how do we excuse ourselves from it? Are we "good enough" already? Can we be Christians "on our own"? Can we stay at home on Sunday and watch TV preachers, and "get just as much out of it"? Can we just chat online and that's enough?

Then we began to discuss the benefits of regular church attendance.

  1. Jesus is present with us when we gather together: Matthew 18:20 "For where two or three come together in my name, there am I with them."
  2. k - we have to assembly together to encourage each other like Paul wrote

  3. Spiritual nourishment - sure you can study the Bible on your own ( and you should), but you profit by what God has given others as well ( and they can profit from what you know). And we are all blind in areas that need to be corrected. We also profit from other's experiences.
  4. Spiritual strength - We all need others at times. The Bible says that one can put l,000 to flight, but two can put 10,000 to flight!
  5. Athie - We need fellowship in the house of God . We need each other .

  6. Encouragement - to keep going.
  7. Some one may need YOUR help, and they wouldn't receive it if you stayed home.
  8. prodigal son - It lifts our spirits to be around other believers. they give us support and joy.
    k - God wants us to assembly together first as a family then as a growing Christian family
    Good point K, we are a family through Christ Jesus - and need each other! Another reason to assemble together is that's the only way we can enjoy:

  9. Communion - which brings us spiritual benefits. What are some of the benefits of taking Communion or the Lord's Supper?

k - Remembering the Lord's love and sacrifice for us

OlePappy - It brings a realization that we are a part of Jesus

eternally secure - It has a cleansing effect, as we are to examine ourselves first and then partake. Then we can have fellowship with Him. And we are reminded of His death for us.

Athie - WE are remembering the death of Christ . His Body and His Blood.

  1. To focus on Jesus and to remember His death until He comes: I Corinthians 11:25-26 In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me." For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes.
  2. We take time together to remember Jesus death and what it means to us. It also is a PROCLAIMATION of Jesus death - a witness and declaration that this is who we are - partakers of salvation through his blood.

  3. It's a time of self-examination: I Corinthians 11:28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.
    eternally secure - The effect is to warm our hearts, draw us closer to Him, and to live as better Christians.
  4. We need pray and ask: Lord, have I sinned against you? Lord am I as close to you as possible? Lord have I applied the cross to those entangling sins and habits that are not pleasing to you? Of course if we find we have sinned, if we confess our sin, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. We are worthy to partake of the Lord's Supper only as He cleanses us of sin.

  5. To discern the Body of Christ: I Corinthians 11:29 For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself. What do you think discerning the Body of Christ means? And why does not recognizing the Body of Christ bring judgement?

The Body of Christ has two meanings: first, we remember Jesus actual body as we partake of the bread, his body that was broken for us to bring us salvation. Understanding this is essential to our salvation.

Secondly, we ARE the Body of Christ, and if we don't recognize each other as such, we are rejecting a brother/sister for whom Christ died.

eternally secure - yes, every believer is represented in the loaf.

In the early days, the Lord's Supper was an actual meal, followed by taking the bread and the wine as Paul instructs. But the people acted in an ungodly way - eating up all the food before everyone got there, and making it a worldly thing instead of a solemn meditation on Christ's death.

They didn't discern or recognize Christ's Body in the bread they were eating, and didn't have a concern for some members of the Body of Christ.

†Cowgirl - Also wouldn't we be rejecting the (Jesus that lives in each of us)?

k - we have to know Jesus came to the earth before we can have salvation and in the end we will be judged on whether we know Jesus as our personal Savior or not

So going to church is necessary so we can partake of Communion or the Lord's Supper.

  1. We need rest and refreshment: Romans 15:32 so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and together with you be refreshed.
  2. If you are weary and worn, have been battling the devil all week, and feel WEAK, then there's nothing like meeting with God's people to bring rest to your soul and a refreshing of your spirit!

    †Cowgirl - AMEN to that, build yourself back up

  3. Jesus is our example, and we are told to follow "in His steps". Sometimes it seems that being a Christian is pretty complicated when you try to follow everyone's rules and ideas. But it's really quite simple: believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and do what He did. What ever the Bible says that Jesus did, just do it.
  4. †Cowgirl - Amen to that JUST DO IT don't ask him why or try to reason it out.

  5. The Bible commands it: Hebrews 10:25 Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another--and all the more as you see the Day approaching. So it must be for our good.
  6. k - if you love Christ you will keep his commandments

  7. It helps keep our priorities in order: I Corinthians 15:1-5 Now, brothers, I want to remind you of the gospel I preached to you, which you received and on which you have taken your stand. By this gospel you are saved, if you hold firmly to the word I preached to you. Otherwise, you have believed in vain. For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve.

The most important thing in our life should be the gospel that we have received and on which we have taken our stand. Otherwise our whole life is lived in vain. When we meet together we remind each other of who we are in Christ and what we stand for. The thing that should be of "first importance" or the top priority in our lives Christ and his death, burial and resurrection.

Ok these are some reasons why I think we should meet together regularly. You may come up with others. But, Jesus was the Son of God. Why do you think Jesus made attendance at worship a custom or a habit?

jesusfreak - I think Jesus made attendance a custom because Christian's need to fellowship with one another.

k - because things that are habits we keep doing

Athie - Jesus was -is our example. We are to be like Him.

prodigal son - He was following the word of his father

†Cowgirl - I know why I do, so I can receive all God wants to give me and so I can be a blessing to others. To be fed spiritually.

OlePappy - because that is what God wants us to do after we become members of His family

Right! very good answers. I came up with 5 reasons:

  1. As a human, He also needed that close communion with God in the presence of other worshippers.
  2. He realized that He came to fulfill the LAW that was read every Sabbath, and He needed to be there when it was read.
  3. He is our example, and He knew how badly WE need it. Remember that Jesus did not come to BE served, but to be a servant, and everything He did and said was for our benefit.
  4. The Sabbath was for rest and refreshment, and that is what He came to bring us.
  5. Remember He was trained by His earthly parents to attend worship, and we also have an obligation to train our children to go.

Praise the Lord. So if you aren't regularly attending a Bible believing church (I say that because there are some that aren't - sad), then look at what all you're missing!

Going to the synagogue was more than a habit with Jesus. He went with a purpose. He took the synagogue service as an open door for ministry and as an opportunity to meet human needs with God's Word and the power of the Spirit. The earliest Christians followed this example . They went to the synagogues on Saturday to witness. Then they met on the following day for their own worship and to encourage and edify one another. Whenever you read in Acts that Paul spoke in a synagogue, it had to be on a Saturday. When he spoke to a church, it was (usually) on Sunday.

eternally secure - He went to the synagogues, to show them that their Messiah was there, but they rejected Him. He was God in flesh, Only HE could forgive sin and heal, but the Jews rejected Him and crucified Him.

What an idea! To go TO church to witness! Yet, there are a lot of people who attend church who are not born-again Christians, and our testimony may actually win them to Christ!

Athie - I thank God for my love for His church.

Jews were commanded to keep the Sabbath (Saturday) holy, but were not commanded to attend the synagogue in the Old Testament. The custom probably began around the time of the Babylonian captivity (c700 BC). Eventually the synagogue became the center of community life, being used for worship, study of the Scriptures, school and social activities, the way the church USED to be in America. And praise God, some churches are getting back to being totally involved in the community with schools, social activities, as well as worship and Bible study.

In the synagogue, the men were separated from the women and children. The service probably began with a recitation of the "Shema" from Deuteronomy 6:4-9: Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. Write them on the doorframes of your houses and on your gates.

This was a reminder at every service who they were worshipping, and what He required of them. It was also a reminder for them to teach these things to their children. We've mentioned before about tying the Word of God on the hands and foreheads. These were called phylacteries and were tiny leather boxes with some verse in them, tied to the forehead or forearm with leather thongs. They also had a little box of Bible verses nailed on their doorframes. So they were reminded coming and going of the Lord!

This was called the "Shema" because the first words in Hebrew are "Shema Israel baruch Adonai elohenu". This was followed by a prayer and a scheduled reading from the "Law" or Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, and Numbers). Then a selection from the prophets was read. Both the audience and reader stood for the reading of God's Word.

Luke 4:17 The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:

Notice that the book of Isaiah was handed to Him, he didn't ask for it. It was ordained of God that Jesus read from this book to announce His ministry. Now in those days they didn't have books as we know them, but scrolls of a paper-like material called papyrus that were rolled up when stored. Jesus unrolled the scroll and searched until He found the right passage. They also did not have chapters and verses in those days. Each book of the Bible was written as a complete document.

Then Jesus read: Luke 4:18-19 "The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor."

What do you think verse 18 means: "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He has anointed me"?

  1. Anointing in the OT with oil symbolized the fact that a person had been set apart for some special service, such as a priest or king. Daniel that the Messiah would be anointed
  2. Daniel 9:24 "Seventy `sevens' are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to ANOINT the MOST HOLY.

  3. The Holy Spirit filled and empowered Jesus; gave Him power over the demons: Matthew 12:28 But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.
  4. When was Jesus anointed for service? At his baptism when the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in the form of a dove. John 1:32-34 Then John gave this testimony: "I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him. I would not have known him, except that the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, `The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is he who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.' I have seen and I testify that this is the Son of God."

So Jesus was anointed with the Holy Spirit at His baptism. This anointing showed that Jesus is the Messiah, the Christ, both which mean "anointed one". He was anointed as prophet, priest AND king, and was given all power and authority on earth.

Athie - It was time for Jesus earthly ministry to begin.

The Spirit anointed Jesus for the TWO-fold Ministry of the Messiah: anointing to preach and to heal.

Jesus is ANOINTED TO PREACH the gospel (good news) to the poor (the destitute, needy). "Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes all despised the common people. They taught that if a person were right with God they would be wealthy and prosperous. But the poor were getting poorer. They struggled under a heavy burden of taxation and were often sick and hungry. Jesus came to meet their need."

The religious leaders of that day thought that if you were poor or sick, it was because of sin in your life. Therefore, they despised you and would not help you. But Jesus CAME especially for the poor and needy, the sick and diseased. And He is anointed to heal us!

Z - OT....didn't the pharisees...preach it..but not walk it themselves??

The Pharisees also avoided the poor and sick for fear they would become "unclean" and have to go through a lot of rituals to become "clean" again. So the very leaders who were supposed to be caring for God's children were the ones who were neglecting them for selfish reasons.

Jesus is ANOINTED TO PREACH deliverance to captives in sin, sickness, and death. Acts 10:38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.

Notice that Jesus healed ALL that were under the devil's power! Praise the Lord for the power of the Holy Spirit.

Hebrews 2:14-15 Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might destroy him who holds the power of death--that is, the devil-- and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death.


Jesus died to destroy the devil and free us from slavery. Hallelujah! Jesus was anointed to preach release and pardon to captives who were enslaved by satan and bound by chains of sin. I John 3:8 He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil's work.

In America we are taught religious "toleration", but often the devil uses this to promote his work. Jesus came to destroy the works of the devil.

Z - OT...what's religious toleration????

Z, it's accepting everyone's beliefs, so matter how far fetched or damaging they may be. It's saying "There are many paths to God. Choose the one you like the best" instead of what Jesus said, "I am the way, the truth and the life. No man comes to the Father but by me." I'm not advocating HATE of other beliefs, just that we don't have to accept everything that comes down the pike in the name of toleration.

Z - ok that's why there are so many "cults" , denominations, etc...all taking part of the Word, but not all of it...right??

k - Because many are rebellious and don't want to accept the whole BIBLE as the Word of God, also others are following forms of Baal

Jesus is ANOINTED TO PREACH the acceptable year of the Lord (a new age when God's favor and acceptance would be made available through Christ). In the 60's we were told that it was the dawning of the "Age of Aquarius" and the new agers have continued to proclaim this. BUT this is NOT what the Bible says is the year of the Lord's favor!

Z - YES!! It is Jubilee!! Jesus is our Jubilee!! the year of God's favor is here!!! Jubilee is the return of all that was once the old meant that slaves were freed, land returned...

†Cowgirl - Jubilee is the year of restoration! Everything satan has stolen will be given back to you.

Z - it is a releasing....a releasing of what was taken(restoration) and also a releasing (letting go) of those things we hold on to...

JoyoftheLord - The real test is for fruit. The fruit of the spirit we can know doctrine of this and that but the question I am asking myself if do I have fruit? Do I love God with all my heart mind and soul and others. Am I learning to die to myself daily?

Z - so....if u b holding on to things....release them!!! God will restore and provide!!!

short stuff - I think we all have trouble of letting go even as Christians, with some things in our lives

†Cowgirl - (((((LET GO AND Let GOD))))

"Leviticus 25:8-55 required that every fifty years slaves had to be freed; debts cancelled and property returned to its ancestral owners. This law of the year of Jubilee was seldom observed (Jeremiah 34:8-16), but for the prophets and later Jews it represented the time of God's great liberation, the Messianic Age."

JoyoftheLord - what does it actually mean to us as Christians and what does God want us to do?

short stuff - God can not use us to our full potential if we don't let go, we need to be like Moses was

Now I know that the land of Israel is celebrating the year of Jubilee this year because it has been 50 years since Israel became a nation in 1948. But the REAL fulfillment of the Year of the Lord's favor was JESUS!

"When the atonement of Christ is fully embraced; the sick, sinful, helpless, and needy are restored health, holiness, power, and prosperity, and full dominion over Satan and membership and communion in God's family."

Jesus is ANOINTED TO HEAL the broken in heart; mind, soul and body; the brokenhearted: those crushed, or disillusioned in mind and heart. Sin, sorrow, disease, shame, and every kind of sorrow and loss gave way to forgiveness, healing, and restoration at His Word or Touch.

Jesus is ANOINTED TO HEAL the blind in body, soul, and spirit - those in darkness. 2 Corinthians 4:4 The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.

Jesus is ANOINTED TO HEAL the bruised, the completely crushed and shattered in life, the oppressed and broken. To set at liberty (set free to carry God's message) Colossians 1:13 For he has rescued us from the dominion of darkness and brought us into the kingdom of the Son he loves

What is your need today? The Messiah is here by His Spirit and He is anointed to give you the good news, to heal you body, mind and spirit, to set you free from the powers of darkness, to open your eyes to see, to announce God's love and unmerited favor to YOU. Receive all He has for YOU!

Father God we look to your Anointed One, the Messiah, and our Christ, for healing in mind, body, and spirit. Set us free from all captivity of the enemy - from doubt, fear, disappointment, and discouragement. Open our eyes to see YOU, our ears to hear your Word. We received your grace - your unmerited favor and love! AMEN

Tell the Lord what you need and receive it from Him in Jesus Name. He is here to set the captives free! Confess your sins and let him purify your heart. Hallelujah!

We receive your Good News Lord! That you came to heal, to restore our physical and spiritual sight, to release us from the oppression of the enemy! In Jesus Name, be healed!

If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from ALL unrighteousness. (I John 1:9)

short stuff - Psalms 18 :28 For thou will light my lamp, the LORD my God will enlighten my darkness

For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal [of the flesh] but are mighty through God to the pulling down of strongholds, casting out imaginations and every vain thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of Christ and bringing every thought into the captivity of Christ.

†Cowgirl - I receive it in Jesus Name and I agree those of others in need be healed and Lord forgive us for always seeking your hand and not your face. Thank you Lord for your power!!!

AMEN, so be it, we are in agreement in Jesus Name!!!!

Thank you Lord for the purifying power of the Holy Spirit who has anointed us as Jesus was to preach the good news, to heal the sick and set the captive free!

Luke 4:20-21 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, and he began by saying to them, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."

eternally secure - I like the verse "all eyes were fastened on Him....."

Amen, ES, if only ALL eyes were fastened on Him today and understood Who they were looking at!

Isaiah chapters 52:13-55:13; 60-62 are a prophecy of the Messiah as God's Suffering Servant, who will bring redemption to Israel When Jesus proclaimed that He was the fulfillment of this scripture, the people clearly understood that He was calling Himself this Messiah.

Isaiah went on and wrote of judgements that will accompany Christ's Second Coming. (OT prophets did not see the time interval between the two comings). But Jesus stopped with the announcement of God's favor, rolled up the scroll, and gave it back to the minister (Chazan - servant, attendant) in charge of the synagogue books (which were community property due to the extremely high cost of books in those days).

Jesus primary message at His first coming was not of condemnation, but of God's goodness and salvation. John 3:17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. Let us be careful that the "gospel we preach" is on the same subject!

Jesus wanted to make it clear that He did not come to bring a brand-new religion. He came to do the will of His Father and to fulfill the promises given to Abraham and reaffirmed by the prophets. This passage in Isaiah announced very clearly the kind of ministry He had.

Isaiah 61:1-2 The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners, to proclaim the year of the LORD's favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,

This was the passage that Jesus was reading from the Old Testament, He stopped in the middle of verse 2 "to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor". Why do you think he did that?

The "day of vengeance" and the setting up of an earthly kingdom are reserved for Christ's Second Coming.. a fact not well understood in Jesus day, and even today. Then it was the custom to SIT DOWN to teach. When Jesus sat down, he made an amazing statement.

Luke 4:20-21 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, and he began by saying to them, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."

Then Jesus sat down as was the custom, tradition, to deliver His message. "This day", He said, "This scripture is fulfilled in your ears!" , as they watched and listened eagerly. The very audacity of these words must have so shocked the hearers that they missed their full import. Wonder (amazement, and surprise) filled the hearts and minds of the people as they listened to the words that continued to come from the mouth of Jesus.

Luke 4:22 All spoke well of him and were amazed at the gracious words that came from his lips. "Isn't this Joseph's son?" they asked.

Luke does not record His entire message, but obviously, He touched a responsive chord in the hearts of the people. At first, all spoke well of Him and were amazed at the gracious words (His message about the grace of God). Then their attitude began to change, "Isn't THIS Joseph's son?"

They could not seem to reconcile the fact that Jesus was (apparently) Joseph's son with Isaiah's prophecy. It seems quite evident that the villagers did not know about His divine origin.

"THIS" in v. 22 has a hint of contempt. This fellow is not a great rabbi. We know his family. How can a carpenter's son make such claims? They had never heard such words from Him in the 30 years He had lived among them.

They also may have also been jealous - some people have such petty minds that they find it difficult to believe that one of their own numbers has made good. The people at first liked the idea that a great messianic prophecy was being fulfilled in their day. The thing that upset them was that Jesus claimed to be the instrument by which these things would come to pass.

Ok, this is a good place to stop. Next time we'll talk about how his hometown people rejected him and even tried to kill Jesus!

Father God help us to remember what you have taught us tonight. Let us make a habit of assembling ourselves together to worship you and help each other. Help us to receive the gifts you've so freely given us and be willing to freely share with others. In Jesus Name AMEN

Remember, whenever God gives us a revelation, the devil tries to steal it from us. Guard your hearts and meditate on what you've learned!
And put it into practice!

Return to Luke Homepage

*Picture Sources:

Unger, Merrill F. The New Unger's Bible Handbook. Revised by Gary N Larson. Moody Press, Chicago, 1966: 1984.

The Family Encyclopedia of the Bible, ed. by Pat Alexander.  Chancelor Press, London, 1988.

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Original Lesson 8/31/98
Revised: May 02, 2001.